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Further developments to the V-6 TDI engine driving the rear wheels--including an electric turbocharger that acts as an energy recovery system, enhancements to the ERS-K (Energy Recovery System Kinetic) hybrid power the front wheels, improvements to the flywheel energy storage system, and refinements to the chassis combine for a gain of 30 percent fuel efficiency and a weight loss of 100 pounds.
"The next Audi R18 e-tron quattro represents a completely new generation of Le Mans prototypes," explains Audi's head of motorsport, Dr. Wolfgang Ullrich. "The principles of the LMP1 regulations have fundamentally changed. The idea behind this is to achieve similarly fast lap times as in the past with considerably less energy. Making more out of less: a forward-thinking approach."
The combined result of Audi's forward-thinking upgrades is an incredibly complex vehicle. With the new turbocharger system, Audi has figured out how to recover energy from exhaust gases that would otherwise be lost. The turbo is linked to an electrical recovery system that takes heat from the exhaust whenever it's not being used for boost (such as when the boost limit has been reached) and taps its heat to generate electricity, which is then sent to the flywheel energy storage system. But perhaps most interestingly of all, when the driver is accelerating, the new turbo system allows electricity to be sent back to the turbo as well, likely as a way to spool the turbo to optimum boost pressures more quickly.
2014 Audi R18 e-tron quattro Le Mans Prototype race carEnlarge Photo
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Safety is enhanced this year as well, with regulations requiring even more structural load tolerance from the carbon fiber monocoque, which has also been reinforced with extra layers, reducing the risk of objects penetrating the cabin during crashes. Wheel tethers are also now mandatory, connecting the outer suspension assemblies with the chassis to help prevent wheels flying into other cars or into the crowd in the event of an accident.
The 2014 Audi R18 e-tron quattro will make its debut at the first FIA World Endurance Championship race of the 2014 season on April 20 in the six-hour event at Silverstone.
2014 Audi R18 e-tron quattro LMP1Enlarge Photo