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Volkswagen First To Launch Cylinder Shut-Off In A Four-Cylinder Engine


2012 Volkswagen Tiguan

2012 Volkswagen Tiguan

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Cylinder deactivation is an excellent way to achieve higher fuel economy from larger-displacement V-6 and V-8 engines. By shutting down fuel supply to select cylinders when the engine is under modest loads, automakers can boost fuel economy by up to 20 percent without impacting drivability.

What works for V-6 and V-8 engines should also work for forced-induction four-cylinder engines, and Volkswagen will soon become the first major manufacturer to utilize cylinder deactivation on a four-cylinder engine.

Volkswagen’s 1.4-liter TSI with cylinder deactivation will debut in 2012, and it promises to improve fuel economy by 0.4 liters per 100 kilometers (or about 2.5 miles per gallon) in European driving cycle testing. When Start/Stop functionality is added to the engine, that savings will increase to 0.6 liters per 100 kilometers, or about 3.9 miles per gallon. In general, European cycle testing numbers are some 10 to 20 percent higher than U.S. EPA numbers, so these figures may prove to be a bit optimistic by our standards.

VW’s cylinder deactivation will function when engine speed under constant throttle is between 1,400 and 4,000 rpm, which Volkswagen estimates to be 70 percent of the driving in the European fuel economy driving cycle. When a driver accelerates, the system resumes fuel delivery to the shut-down cylinders, and the transition is transparent to the driver. Information from the gas pedal position sensor can also turn off the system if it senses a “nonuniform” pattern of driving, such as an open-throttle blast up your favorite mountain road.

Volkswagen has yet to announce which models will get the new 1.4-liter TSI engine, but the engine without cylinder deactivation technology has been a standard option on the European market Golf, Scirocco, Jetta and Tiguan for several years. Volkswagen doesn't use the 1.4-liter TSI engine in the U.S. market (yet, at least), but if the automaker sees success with the new fuel saving feature, we can probably expect to see the same technology applied to larger VW four-cylinder engines in the future.

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Comments (3)
  1. This is interesting. GM has been doing this with naturally aspirated V8s for a while, but doing this on a forced induction, direct injection motor will be an interesting engineering juggle. Maintaining tip in response and solid EGTs will be paramount to longevity of the engine itself.
     
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  2. iirc, mitsubishi's been doing it in 4-cylinder cars (mivec-md) since the early 90s with their 4g92 engine
     
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  3. Sure, the difficulty is maintaining a regulated flow to the turbine so that it doesn't surge when you drive it. In a naturally aspirated engine the cylinder can be turned on and off quickly without any hesitation. I suppose the turbochargers on the VWs are massively undersized anyways (gobs of torque at 1500 - 1800 RPM LOL) and maybe it doesn't make much difference in throttle response.
     
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